Welcome to Ash Wednesday, the common name for The First Day of Lent. Occasionally you’ll see today called quadragesima because there are now 40 days left (excluding Sundays) until Easter Day. Let the 40-day fast begin!
One of the main questions I get from non-liturgical Christians, concerning Lent, is “what do you differently during this time?” This blog post is aimed at answering that question – partly for the benefit of those who are wondering the same thing, but also as a reminder to my fellow Anglican readers who might need a reminder of some of the changes, or possible changes, in the daily course of our liturgy.
For those of us using the 2019 Daily Lectionary, or one of the historic daily lectionaries that uses the regular calendar, we may need the reminder that today’s lessons for Morning and Evening Prayer are interrupted from the regular course. At the bottom of page 740 in the BCP 2019 you’ll see the following readings appointed for today:
- Isaiah 58:1-12 & Luke 18:9-14 for the Morning
- Jonah 3 & 1 Corinthians 9:24-27 for the Evening
To that I would recommend another traditional-for-this-day reading, Hebrews 12:3-17, for Midday Prayer.
At the Holy Communion (or in place of it, if the Communion itself isn’t actually going to be celebrated) we have a special liturgy in the 2019 Book, starting on page 543, and prefaced by a handy introduction to this day (and Lent in general) on page 542. It’s worth reminding ourselves that the imposition of ashes on Ash Wednesday is a custom that was removed from Anglican practice during the Reformation, and not formally put into a Prayer Book until 1979, though the Anglo-Catholic movement had provided extra-liturgical material to sneak the practice back into the liturgy before it was embraced by the church as a whole. You can read last year’s note about Ash-less Wednesday here.
Also, remember that today’s Collect of the Day is now the Collect of the Day for the rest of this week!
Morning Prayer during Lent
There are some extra Opening Sentences of Scripture appropriate for this season on page 27.
The Venite (Psalm 95) should be said in full daily this season, if you don’t normally do so already. Keep in mind that you can bookend it with a Lenten antiphon from page 30!
The first Canticle, Te Deum laudamus, is recommended in our Prayer Book to be replaced with the Benedictus es, Domine on page 18. This Customary would recommend retaining the Te Deum on Sundays and other major holy days, however.
If you don’t normally do so, make a point of praying the Great Litany (page 91) after Morning Prayer on Sundays, Wednesdays, and Fridays.
Evening Prayer during Lent
There are some extra Opening Sentences of Scripture appropriate for this season on page 54.
The second canticle, Nunc dimittis, could be replaced by Canticle 3, Kyrie Pantokrator, most evenings. We’d recommend doing so on Monday through Friday.
The Minor Offices during Lent
The “Alleluia” after the invitatory dialogue is to be omitted now.
For Midday Prayer, it may be a good idea to make use of one the Additional Directions and make more extensive use of Psalm 119 throughout the season. Consider this two-week rotation of Midday Psalms:
- <week 1> :day: <week 2>
- 124, 126 :Sundays: 124, 126
- 19 :Mondays: 119:81-96
- 119:1-16 :Tuesdays: 119:97-112
- 119:17-32 :Wednesdays: 119:113-128
- 119:33-48 :Thursdays: 119:129-144
- 119:49-64 :Fridays: 119:145-160
- 119:65-80 :Saturdays: 119:161-176
Consider making more frequent use of Matthew 11:28-30 as the Lesson at Compline.
The Holy Communion during Lent
There is an Acclamation appropriate for Lent on page 146, and another one for Holy Week.
This is a good season to make weekly use of the Decalogue (page 100) instead of the Summary of the Law if you don’t normally already.
The Gloria in excelsis is traditionally omitted during Lent. Consider replacing it with a hymn from the Lent section of your hymnal, just to emphasize the season difference in mood.
The First Sunday in Lent is one of the traditional days to read The Exhortation (page 147).
Consider using Offertory Sentences (page 149) that are more pointed about spiritual disciplines, such as Matthew 7:21, 1 John 3:17, and Tobit 4:8-9. This could be especially effective if you normally use the same one every week, memorized from the list in 1979 Book.
The “alleluia” in the Fraction dialogue (on page 118/135) is to be omitted now.
If you don’t normally prayer the Prayer of Humble Access and the Agnus Dei (page 119/135), this is the season to start. (Pro-tip: never stop using them!)
In fact, if your congregation normally uses the “Renewed Ancient Text”, I cannot heartily-enough encourage you to switch to the “Anglican Standard Text” at least for Lent. You’ll get more direct prayers of confession and of consecration (not to mention historically Anglican prayers).
Other Spiritual Practices
The classical Prayer Books appointed the Collect for Ash Wednesday to be used after the Collect of the Day throughout the season of Lent. I’m not so sure the 2019 Prayer Book intends to allow that, so consider making use of this Collect elsewhere – in the additional prayers at the end of an Office, or after the Prayers of the People at the Communion, or in your private prayers and devotions.
On page 689 our calendar directs The weekdays of Lent and every Friday of the year (outside the 12 Days of Christmas the 50 days of Eastertide) are encouraged as days of fasting. The classical Prayer Books were more direct about the expectation (not just encouragement) that we should fast. We’re not Romanists, so we don’t have elaborate standardized definitions of what “counts” as fasting; we have the freedom in Christ to fast according to conscience, as the Bible indicates. Nevertheless, some advice is helpful, and our calendar provides some: Fasting, in addition to reduced consumption, normally also includes prayer, self-examination, and acts of mercy. It is popular to “give something up for Lent”, or to “take something on for Lent”, and almost all of those particular expressions of Lenten devotion are summed up in that one sentence. Consider how you might mark this season in your own lifestyle, and give it a go.